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35th World Conference on Neurology, will be organized around the theme “Venue: Hyatt Place London Heathrow Airport”

Neurology 2023 is comprised of 43 tracks and 0 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Neurology 2023.

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Future neurological illnesses are expected to increase in prevalence in the general population due to a frequently increasing normal. The costs of neurological illnesses to society are significant on both a financial and social level. Many large pharmaceutical companies have distanced themselves from CNS and neurology research. During this meeting. The scientific study of the composition and operation of the nervous system is known as neuroscience (or neurobiology). In order to comprehend the basic and emergent characteristics of brain circuits and neurons, neurobiology is an interdisciplinary field of biology that incorporates anatomy, physiology, molecular biology, developmental biology, mathematical modelling, cytology, and psychology..

The study of clinical diagnosis and care for the peripheral, autonomic, and central nervous systems is a component of neurology. A subspecialty of medicine known as neurology treats many neurological conditions, including Alzheimer's disease. Affected areas include those that keep track of speech, hearing, vision, and cognitive (or thinking) functions. For instance, cerebral palsy tends to have more physical symptoms than ADHD, which tends to have more effects on behaviour. Numerous conditions cause additional needs that require ongoing management.

Future neurological problems are likely to become increasingly prevalent in the general population due to a continuously expanding normal. Neurological illnesses have significant economic and social costs for society. Numerous overzealous pharmaceutical companies have abandoned CNS and neurology research. This meeting will provide attendees with an opportunity to gain more in-depth knowledge of the clinical trial protocols that have been approved and how to address the challenges in neurology research by looking at the most recent preclinical and clinical studies.

A psychologist with expertise in brain processes, particularly memory, focus, and problem-solving, is known as a neuropsychologist. They assist patients in their rehabilitation by testing and evaluating any psychological issues that may arise after an injury or neurological condition. The branch of psychology that deals with the practical application of research and involves treating mental illness.

A branch of medicine known as neuropsychiatry deals with mental disorders that are caused by problems with the nervous system. A neuropsychiatrist is a psychologist who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of brain disorders that affect behaviour, psychology, and psychology-related symptoms. Psychiatry is described as a person's mental health.

Specialists in treating patients with neurological problems and assisting them in coping with the psychological repercussions of disease or injury include neuropsychologists and neuropsychiatrists.

A number of the most crippling conditions, including multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke, efferent neuron disorder (MND), Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's disease, are covered in our series of neurology conferences that focus on illnesses of the central systema nervosum. All or any individuals who work to eliminate these neurological illnesses and create a healthy environment for their peers and society as a whole are at risk, according to this neurology conference. To adequately treat these conditions, we must understand the underlying neurological therapies. The Neurology Congress offers a suitable forum for sharing facility knowledge and aids in realising our goal of applying our learning to medical practise.

Neurogenesis is the process of developing neurons from predetermined cells to adult neurons. The progenitor cells and neural stem cells discussed at our Neurology conference are used in this mechanism, which occurs throughout development. Through a series of genetic mechanisms of mobile fate devotion, this book primarily discusses the structure and characteristics of several branches of neurology science. In each session of the neurology conference, numerous varied types of excitatory and inhibitory neurons are constituted by various distinct neural stem cell types. Practicality is the main approach in the fields of area and evolution. Neurology 2023 discusses the biophysical measures of intellectual capacity and novel methods for the development of neural cells in various living environments.

Neurologists' involvement in the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic initially looked pointless. It was believed that the virus caused respiratory ailments in the brain and the rest of the nervous system. It immediately altered neurologists' perspectives throughout the world and concentrated efforts on both figuring out the processes underlying this neurologic involvement and developing systems of treatment to spot and effectively address these increasingly acknowledged problems. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, neurologists are now in the centre of a healthcare system that has occasionally struggled to treat a significant number of patients with this new illness. The focus of academic neurologists and those practising in the community should continue to be on quickly and effectively understanding the technique, diagnosis, and treatment of COVID-19-related neurologic syndromes during this generational health care crisis, despite the fact that there are currently more neurologic questions than there are answers.

Соgnitive neurоsсienсe  is a subfield of neuroscience that explains the study of neuroscience and biological processes that include human cognition, especially as it relates to brain structure, activity, and cognitive functions. Because it incorporates both the biological sciences and the behavioural sciences, such as psychology and neurology, conscious neuroscience may be considered a blend of both disciplines. Making decisions is an example of a biological process that involves cognition.

Neurofeedback (NFB) is also known as Neurotherapy, neurofeedback or EEG biofeedback is kind of biofeedback uses electroencephalography (EEG) to show the brain's activity in real time with the goal of reducing substantial systemic neuropathic pain, which occurs regularly in our neurology meetings. The crucial purpose of neurology in 2023 will be to monitor the brain's activity in order to train it to do a specific cognitive function that can aid in relaxing, make us less clumsy in our daily tasks, or provide non-pharmaceutical treatment for a wide range of ailments and problems. In order to better understand and develop brain mechanisms, our researchers, neurologists, and attendees at the neurology conference are also neurofeedback practitioners and scientists. They are encouraged to excel in the field of scientific exercise, educational applications, and applied neuroscience research. Benefits and applications of biofeedback therapy include reasons, types and risks, biofeedback devices and equipment, development of biofeedback therapy, and scenarios where biofeedback technology is used.

The majority of the time, a blood clot that prevents blood flow to the brain is what causes a stroke. However, sometimes the cause cannot be identified despite testing. Strokes with an unknown aetiology are known as cryptogenic strokes. Therefore, further investigation is required to arrive at a conclusive diagnosis. Researchers from the fields of electrophysiology, cardiology, and neurology may work together to find the solutions needed to develop the tailored therapy for preventing repeated strokes. A group of drugs called antiplatelets prevent blood cells from congregating and creating a blood clot. Platelets are transported to the site of an injury whenever it occurs in your body, where they cluster together to form a blood clot. This stops the bodily bleeding.

Patients are usually given antiplatelets if they have a history of Coronary artery disease (CAD), Heart attack, Angina,Stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), Peripheral vascular disease (PVD).

Stroke (also known as brain stroke or cerebrovascular accident) is a a condition where there is a severe reduction or interruption in the blood flow to a region of the brain. It is a medical emergency in which the blood flow is restricted, depriving the brain's cells of nutrition and oxygen, causing the cells to begin dying within minutes. Because brain cells (neurons) are unable to repair, there is lasting harm and irreversible repercussions. A stroke happens when the blood flow to a portion of your brain is cut off or diminished, depriving the brain's tissue of oxygen and nutrients. A stroke is a medical emergency, so getting help quickly is essential. Early intervention can lessen complications and brain damage.

The investigation into neurologic disorders in children. Some paediatric neurological disorders include congenital myopathies, Rett syndrome, musculoskeletal dystrophy, and paediatric sleep disorders. Child neurologists are medical professionals that specialise in treating children's nervous systems. The main parts of the body where issues with the nervous system arise are the spine, the brian, the nerves, or the muscles. Children from birth to young adulthood are treated by child neurologists. Children's neurological issues also include behavioural disorders, such as Tourette syndrome and sleep issues, as well as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

The nurses looked into the patients' health issues and took customised, efficient activities. They used their expertise and skills to adopt different measures in various scenarios. Community nursing should be prioritised by nurses if they want to help patients live in a secure environment, meet their knowledge and informational needs in terms of health, and improve their capacity for self-care. The primary healthcare professionals responsible for community health education are nurses.

Neuro pharmaceutics is a course geared toward advanced students in neurology, pharmaceutics, and related subjects. The course covers how administering substances to the central nervous system (CNS) can activate proteins in particular brain regions and have therapeutic effects, frequently with fewer side effects than systemic administration.

The area of physiology and neuroscience known as neurophysiology is focused on understanding how the nervous system functions. Electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording, and recording of local field potentials, as well as certain calcium imaging techniques, optogenetics, and molecular biology, are the main instruments of fundamental neurophysiological research. Electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, psychology, and mathematical neuroscience are all related to neurophysiology.

The nerves that regulate your own voluntary muscles are impacted by neuromuscular diseases. The muscles in your arms and legs are examples of voluntary muscles, which we can control independently. Your neurons, which are also known as your nerve cells, transmit the signals that govern these muscles. Communication between your nervous system and muscles is disrupted when neurons weaken or die. Your muscles begin to weaken and waste away as a result, which can cause twitching, cramps, aches, pains, and joint and movement issues. Frequently, it also has an impact on how well your heart and lungs work. diseases such as spinal muscular atrophy, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

It is the study of chemicals, as well as how neurotransmitters and other molecules, like psychiatric medications and neuropeptides, affect and control the physiology of the nervous system. The development of chemical monitoring had given neuroscientists a very useful tool for creating biological mechanisms of drug addiction. The four main characteristics of chemical monitoring of hair are: sensitivity, selectivity, accuracy, and size. Serotine, dopamine, glutamate, and norepinephrine are some of the chemicals that are present in breast milk. And the human system has more than 40 neurotransmitters.

Central nervous system immunology, chemistry, neurology, pathology, psychiatry, and virology are all included in the field of neuroimmunology (CNS). Researchers in the field examine how the immune and neurological systems interact throughout growth, homeostasis, and injury recovery with the main objective of creating cures or preventative measures for neuroimmunological illnesses.

A recently identified neuro-inflammatory illness called MOG antibody disease (MOGAD) mainly induces inflammation in the optic nerve but can also do so in the spinal cord and brain. The central nervous system's myelin sheaths include a protein called myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). MOG is a target of the immune system in this condition, despite the fact that the exact function of this glycoprotein is unknown. When patients with recurrent inflammatory episodes of the central nervous system have MOG antibodies in their blood, the diagnosis is established.

The multidisciplinary field of neuro-oncology is dedicated to cutting-edge cancer research and therapy for brain and spinal cord cancers, many of which are extremely dangerous and life-threatening (glioma, glioblastoma multiforme, pontine glioma, ependymoma, astrocytoma, and brain stem tumors). Glioblastoma multiforme, high-grade astrocytoma, and gliomas of the brainstem and pons are the worst types of malignant brain cancer.

Science has a speciality called neuropathology that focuses on diseases of the brain, spinal cord, and neural tissue. Both the central and peripheral nerve systems are involved in this. Either post-mortem autopsy or surgical biopsies are used for tissue examination. Nervous tissue and muscular fibres are frequently tested tissues. The analysis of tissue samples from individuals with Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, dementia, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, mitochondrial disease, and any condition that causes neuronal collapse in the brain or spinal cord are common applications of neuropathology.

Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography, neuroradiology is a branch of radiology that offers complete imaging of the brain, spine, and neck in both paediatric and adult patients (CT). Ultrasound is only occasionally employed, particularly in the paediatric population, and plain radiography is rarely used. Angiography is typically used to diagnose vascular anomalies or to diagnose and characterise masses or other lesions, but CT and MRI angiography and imaging are increasingly replacing angiography in these situations.

A virus, bacteria, parasite, or fungus that attacks the respiratory and spinal cord can cause neurological infections, which can range in severity from a minor illness to a serious condition that can even result in death. The meninges covering the brain are affected by encephalitis when the nervous system is infected. And the second type of neuroinfection is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which results in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (IDS) and has a worse impact on the central nervous system of the brain. By entering the body, pathogens infect numerous organs, including the central nervous system (NS). When these pathogens reach the NS, these infections occur. Bacterial neuroinfections frequently follow nasal-pharyngeal or inner-ear infections.

Bioimaging, a subfield of biomedicine and bioengineering, is the development and use of imaging technologies and computer software tools in the production of pharmaceutical specimens. A biomarker is a biological molecule that may be identified in tissues, bodily fluids, or blood as a sign of a disorder, illness, or process, regardless of how ordinary or unusual it may be. A biomarker may be used to assess how the body reacts to an illness or condition's therapy. A brand-name biologic drug with prior approval has a structure that is similar to yet distinct from a biosimilar drug.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Subclinical manifestation, DNA sequence, Functional imaging, Ultrasound imaging, Clinical trails, Computed tomography, Positron emission tomography (PET), Bio imaging techniques.

Telemedicine is the practise of delivering medical treatment remotely using technology, most frequently videoconferencing. Examples of telepsychiatry, a branch of telemedicine, include mental assessments, treatment (including individual, group, and family therapy), patient education, and medication monitoring. A psychiatrist and a patient can speak with each other directly using telepsychiatry. Also highlighted are psychiatrists who offer primary care doctors advice and experience on mental health issues. Live, interactive communication can be used to provide mental health care. It could also entail acquiring medical data and transferring it to a distant location for review.

Treatment of nervous system-related visual disturbances, or visual disturbances that do not start in the eyes themselves, is done by the field of neurophthalmology, which is a subspecialty of ophthalmology and neurology. Activities connected to vision require about half of the brain. Neurophthalmologists specialise on issues involving the eyes, brain, nerves, and muscles and get specialised training in these areas. After earning their medical degrees, these doctors complete at least five years of clinical training. They often hold certifications in neurology, ophthalmology, or both. In order to identify and treat a wide range of issues, including neurological, ocular, and medical issues, neuro-ophthalmologists have specialised training. sudden eyesight deterioration or loss.

Visual hallucinations, Double vision or diplopia, Intractable headaches, Pupillary abnormalities (sluggish reaction, the difference in size of the pupils), Sudden onset of difficulties in identifying colors, Inability to tolerate bright light, Visual Field Defects, Squint or strabismus (especially adult onset)

As an interdisciplinary branch of research that focuses on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes, genomics is defined. The whole collection of DNA, including every gene, makes up an organism's genome. In contrast to genetics, which is the study of individual genes and how they affect heredity, genomics tries to characterise and quantify all of the genes together. In order to assemble and evaluate the structure and function of complete genomes, genomics also entails the sequencing and analysis of genomes using high throughput DNA sequencing and bioinformatics.

A subfield of neuroscience called "molecular neurology" studies how the principles of molecular biology are used to study the neurological systems of animals. This course covers subjects including genetics and epigenetics' influence on the formation of neurons, molecular neuroanatomy, processes of molecular signalling in the nervous system, and more. Similar to molecular biology, molecular neuroscience is a young and active area.

Alzheimer's disease and dementia are not the same. Dementia is a word used to identify indicators that affect memory, communication abilities, and day-to-day activities. Alzheimer's disease is a rather common kind of dementia. Alzheimer's disease worsens over time and affects memory, thinking, and thought. Most youthful people have the ability to cause dementia or Alzheimer's disease. Dementia may be a mess rather than a surprise. a collection of adverse effects without a clear assurance. Dementia encompasses mental faculties like memory. Dementia is a word that Alzheimer's disease may be referred to as. It may occur as a result of a combination of conditions, the most prevalent of which being Alzheimer's disease.

The structure and functionality of the central or peripheral nerve systems gradually deteriorate in a variety of neurodegenerative illnesses. Numerous bodily functions, including balance, mobility, speech, breathing, and heart function, may be impacted by these disorders. The most prevalent neurodegenerative disorders include some of the diseases. With ageing, there is an elevated risk of developing a neurodegenerative illness. Researchers concurred that a person's environment and genes interact to increase their chance of contracting a disease. A person may carry a gene that predisposes them to a particular neurodegenerative illness.

Medicines are the treatments employed to treat disorders such as schizophrenia, consideration deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sadness, bipolar disorder (now and then known as manic-depressive disorder), and discomfort symptoms. For the treatment of mental disorders, medication and therapy are sometimes employed. Depending on the severity and seriousness of the condition, psychotherapy alone may result in treatment for the patient. Psychiatric medications treat the symptoms of mental disorders. Neuroscientists primarily focus on the brain and how it affects the rest of the body, and they treat every problem effectively. They also examine what happens to the challenging workplace when people have these kinds of issues, such as neurological, psychological, and neurodevelopmental clutters.

Since these severe mental illnesses can cause psychosis—impairments in thinking and emotion severe enough to cause a disconnection from reality—both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are sometimes referred to as psychotic disorders. Extreme mood swings brought on by bipolar illness include manic highs and depressed lows. Schizophrenia is a persistent and severe mental illness that has an impact on a person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviour. Hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking are common in people with schizophrenia, who may appear to have lost contact with reality.

A person with an eating disorder is someone who has aberrant eating patterns that are harmful to their physical and/or emotional wellbeing. In reality, eating disorders are serious, often deadly diseases characterised by profound changes in eating patterns and related thoughts and feelings. An eating problem may also be indicated by an obsession with food, weight, or fitness. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder are common eating disorders.

The majority of eating disorders are characterised by an unhealthy obsession with food, body image, and weight. These actions may significantly affect your body's capacity to absorb the right nutrients. Eating disorders may cause injury to the mouth, bones, teeth, and digestive system as well as other problems. Although they may appear at different times, eating disorders often appear in adolescence and the early stages of adulthood.

Addiction is a mental and physical illness that bonds a person to a substance or a pattern of behaviour that has negative effects. It is a very complicated illness that causes compulsive drug usage regardless of any negative effects, immediate or otherwise.

Psychological symptoms: Obsession, Unhealthy risk- taking.

Disorders that influence how the brain operates include those that are neurogenetic and neurometabolic in nature. Young children of various ages, ethnicities, and genders experience them. The phrase "neurogenetic illness" refers to a broad category of chronic conditions that include brain abnormalities brought on by alterations in a child's genes, which result in certain brain cells developing and behaving improperly. When it comes to neurometabolic abnormalities, these diseases are brought on by issues with the body's cell enzymes, which either can't utilise food to make the energy cells require or can't get rid of the breakdown products of the food the cell used.

Good mental health gives us the energy and social success we need. It influences how we feel, think, and act. Mental wellbeing is a fundamental stage for everyone, from youth and adolescence through adulthood. Mental disorders are very dangerous disorders that may affect your thoughts, mood, and physical activities. There are several justifications for treating mental disorders. Your foundation, for example, if it has a history of abuse, may be more important. Mental tаxia is common, although medications are available. Maintaining good mental health might aid in your physical well-being. Good mental health enables you to enjoy life and solve all of your problems.

The term "mental illness" refers to a broad range of disorders, including schizophrenia, depression, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety, and self-harm. To treat their mental illnesses, patients get therapy either alone or in combination with other treatments. These days, "abnormal growths" have been made in the field of mental illness treatment. Treatment plans for psychological disorders may be classified as somatic and psychiatric. Psychhotherapists are able to treat a wide range of mental disorders. These therapies help transform a collapsed person into a good one.

Every aspect of society is affected in a shocking way by mental health disorders. Mental instability problems are brought on by psychological trauma or psychological disorders. Anybody who is experiencing mental damage might develop a chronic mental health condition or exhibit periodic symptoms of the disorder. A healthy person might have a mental health crisis or collapse due to stress or other psychological causes. The responsibility falls on the family since the person with mental illness will be uncontrollable. The whole family goes through a significant change in order to care for the sick loved one. This kind of conflict causes the family to be divided and causes family uncertainty, and it makes the person vulnerable to the exact mental problems that the society is attempting to address.

A person may get post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a kind of anxiety disorder, after worrying about or seeing any horrific experiences. The condition, which has many names and is similar to "shell shock," was first identified in soldiers. However, anxiety disorders may be caused by a wide range of painful situations and are not only identified in soldiers. In certain circumstances, anxiety disorders may also be characterised in the opposite way. For example, delayed PTSD may be used to describe symptoms that appear six months after a traumatic event in a person. Someone may be diagnosed with "complex PTSD" if they had a childhood trauma at a young age or if it persisted for a long period. Birth trauma is another name for an anxiety condition that develops after a shocking birthing experience.

A neurologist is a professional trained in the treatment and diagnosis of brain and spine problems. The primary care providers or specialists for other physicians are neurologists. Although they may recommend surgery, neurologists do not do surgery. Neurologists will monitor surgically treated patients and provide them follow-up care when the therapy includes surgery.

The brain is a specialty that neurosurgeons excel in. These medical experts are equipped to help people who have suffered head or spinal injuries, cerebrovascular disorders like brain aneurysms and blocked arteries in the neck that can cause strokes, birth defects, tumours of the brain and spine, and abnormalities of the peripheral nerves (in the face, arms, hands, legs, and feet), as well as birth defects.

A scientist having a fundamental understanding of neuroscience, a subfield of biology that deals with the physiology of neurons, their molecular biology, behavioural and psychological aspects in health and illness, neurological surgery, and rehabilitation, is known as a neuroscientist or neurobiologist. Researchers and developers of novel medications for neurological illnesses are among the basic responsibilities performed by neuroscientists. analysing experimental samples, Analyzing neural data theoretically and computationally, Creating experiments and managing teams of individuals in supporting roles collaborating with medical professionals to provide new medication experiments to consenting volunteers.

A medical strategy called neurorehabilitation aims to speed up recovery from nervous system injury and decrease or correct any functional changes. The improvement in neural pathways and synapses as a result of differences in behaviour, surroundings, neural strategies, wondering, and feelings similarly to changes as a result of physical changes is referred to as neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity, and neural plasticity, which encompasses both synaptic and non-synaptic plasticity, is discussed in the neurology conference. Our neurology congress's objective is to get knowledge on how brain plasticity progresses due to increasing neural connections and neurite morphing.

Flexibility and strength are balanced in the complicated anatomy of the spine. Even the slightest alteration in the spine's structure has the potential to cause severe pain and incapacity, which may cause a host of issues. The surgical specialty that handles conditions affecting the spinal cord is called spinal neurosurgery. Due to malfunction at the nerve root, back pain may sometimes cause neurological symptoms including numbness, muscular weakness, and loss of bowel and bladder control. These signs suggest that, as opposed to conservative therapy, spinal neurosurgery is necessary to address the underlying source of back pain. Spinal decompression, microdisectomy, disc arthoblasty, and spinal neurofibroma are a few of these procedures. With the use of these cutting-edge neurosurgical methods, we can treat even the most difficult types of illnesses.

The field of computational neuroscience focuses on exploring brain activity using computer science methods and seeing all aspects of human brain activity through a computer science lens. The computational neuroscience researcher may create models to comprehend how neurons, axons, and dendrites function. Based on computer science, electrical engineering, and conventional biological sciences, computational neuroscience is a growing area.

There are many ways computational neuroscience is used. It may be used to examine how the brain functions, for instance, in a sophisticated investigation of human or animal eyesight or other senses, such as the sense of smell, etc. It is used to validate models evaluating fundamental motor abilities or mobility.

A physical therapy program may include exercises to strengthen muscles, improve coordination, and regain range of motion; and constraint-induced therapy, in which an unaffected limb is immobilized, causing the person to use the affected limb to regain movement and function A brain hemorrhage is bleeding in or around the brain. It is a form of stroke.In the many Causes of brain hemorrhage include high blood pressure (hypertension), abnormally weak or dilated (aneurysm) blood vessels that leak, drug abuse, and trauma.

Epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid haemorrhage

Depression and anxiety disorders are different, but people with depression often experience symptoms similar to those of an anxiety disorder, such as nervousness, irritability, and problems sleeping and concentrating. But each disorder has its own causes and its own emotional and behavioral symptoms.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Panic Disorder

Neuropharmacology is an extremely wide locale of science that includes numerous parts of the sensory system from single neuron control to whole ranges of the cerebrum, spinal line, and fringe nerves. To better comprehend the premise behind medication advancement, one should first see how neurons speak with each other. This article will concentrate on both behavioral and atomic neuropharmacology; the real receptors, particle channels, and neurotransmitters controlled through medication activity and how individuals with a neurological issue advantage from this medication activity.

Neuroscience and neuropharmacology, Novel drug target for the treatment of dementia, Novel therapeutics molecule, Personality disorders

Food intake and nutrition control are also important for good health either physical health or mental health. Protein, carbohydrates, fat, fibre, vitamins, minerals, and water are the six types of nutrients that the body requires from food. Food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism, and excretion are all included.  An organism's diet is the food it absorbs, which is primarily dictated by food supply, processing, and palatability. A balanced diet involves food preparation and storage methods that protect nutrients from oxidation, heat, and leaching while also lowering the risk of food-borne illness. A poor diet can affect one's health by causing deficiency diseases like blindness, anaemia, scurvy, preterm birth, stillbirth, and cretinism, as well as health-threatening conditions like obesity and metabolic syndrome, and chronic systemic diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and osteoarthritis.